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Green River Ordnance Plant Records (Amboy/Dixon)


Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Box 1

Box 2

Addendum 1

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Green River Ordnance Plant Records (Amboy/Dixon), 1941-1946 | Northern Illinois University

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Collection Overview

Title: Green River Ordnance Plant Records (Amboy/Dixon), 1941-1946

ID: RHC/RC/295

Extent: 1.75 Linear Feet

Arrangement: The folders are arranged alphabetically.  The photographs are arranged alphabetically and chronologically within the folders.

Date Acquired: 05/25/2008. More info below under Accruals.

Subjects: Amboy (Ill.), Dixon (Ill), Green River Ordnance Plant, World War, 1939-1945 -- War Work -- United States, World War, 1939-1945 -- Women -- United States, World War II

Forms of Material: Photographs

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The records for the Green River Ordnance Plant (GROP) date from 1941 to 1946 and consist of the plant’s administrative office documents, plant and employee photographs, government documents, brochures, grounds passes.  Of special interest is a DVD with recent  GROP photographs (2007), scans of GROP artifacts, and Power Point Presentations created by the donor.

Collection Historical Note

The Green River Ordnance Plant construction was completed on December 15, 1942, occupying approximately 8,000 acres in Amboy and Marion Townships in Lee County.  Though the site was located only a mile or so outside of Amboy, the address for the GROP was Dixon, Illinois because it was thought that the Amboy Post Office could not handle the large amount of mail that was anticipated.  The Plant was created by Federal Government War Department to serve as Illinois’ largest industrial contribution to World War II and became the leader in munitions production for the nation.  At one time the plant provided jobs for 4500 employees, both men and women.  By July 1944, the number of women employees nearly double that of the men employees.  Employees were active in creating baseball teams, a band, an orchestra, and various group events to create community at the plant. Friendships were forged and employees met and were married.  It took only two months for the government to be prepared to begin construction on the plant.  Production building were called “lines” that were used to produce various munitions.  The Green River Ordnance Plant, like other surrounding Illinois ordnance plants, was constructed for a single purpose only and quickly shut down after V-J Day in August 1945.

Subject/Index Terms

Amboy (Ill.)
Dixon (Ill)
Green River Ordnance Plant
World War, 1939-1945 -- War Work -- United States
World War, 1939-1945 -- Women -- United States
World War II

Administrative Information

Repository: Northern Illinois University

Accruals: Additional items from the U.S. Army Materiel Command were added on June 28, 2017.

Access Restrictions: There are no restrictions on access to the collection.

Use Restrictions: Property rights in the collection belong to the Regional History Center; literary rights are dedicated to the public.

Acquisition Source: Duane Paulsen

Acquisition Method: Duane Paulsen, historian from Grand DeTour, Illinois donated the records for the Green River Ordnance Plant in Amboy/Dixon, Illinois to the Regional History Center on May 25, 2008.

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Box:

[Box 1],
[Box 2],
[Addendum 1],

Addendum 1
Box 3
Volume 1: Photographs, Plant Construction, May 28, 1943- July 22, 1943

Browse by Box:

[Box 1],
[Box 2],
[Addendum 1],

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